Hebrew Lectures

These lectures are based on Introducing Biblical Hebrew by Allen P. Ross (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Academic, 2001).

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  • Also available at youtube.com/user/animatedhebrew.



    Alphabet 14:22


    Gutturals and Resh 0:54


    Letters with Dots (Dagesh Lene) 4:25


    Final Letter Forms 1:52


    Letters that Look Similar 7:05


    Letters that Sound the Same 3:18



    31:56





    Vowels Introduction 11:59


    Vowels Full Chart 9:07


    Defective Writing 2:03


    Syllables – Part 1 7:38


    Syllables – Part 2 10:31


    Furtive Patach 2:12



    43:30


    Chart: Vowel Chart









    Two Kinds of Shewa 4:22


    Distinguishing Vocal/Silent Shewa - Part 1 3:16


    Distinguishing Vocal/Silent Shewa - Part 2 10:19


    Distinguishing Vocal/Silent Shewa - Part 3 6:48


    Compound Shewa 7:17


    Grammar Overview 6:22


    Inseparable Prepositions 2:43


    Rule of Shewa 9:05



    50:12





    Accents 3:37


    Metheg 10:28


    Maqqeph 4:04


    Qamets-Hatuph 5:53


    Genesis 1:1-5 13:55



    37:57





    Dagesh Lene 9:07


    Dagesh Forte 13:29


    Conjunctive Dagesh Forte 7:00


    Mappiq 4:48


    The Article 4:09


    Article and Inseparable Prepositions 3:42


    Uses of the Article 5:29



    47:44





    Quiescent Letters 14:11


    Gutturals and Resh – Part 2 4:53


    “Coal Mine” Letters 2:31


    Article before Weak Letters 11:40


    Inseparable Prepositions on Definite Nouns – Part 2 5:41



    38:56


    Chart: Article before Weak Letters









    Some Definitions 2:02


    The Noun 13:49


    Gender Flip in Plural 4:28


    The Dual 8:51


    Sentences 6:07


    Coordinating Conjunction 19:12


    Translating the Conjunction 4:50



    59:19





    Vowel Reduction in Nouns 12:19


    Segholate Nouns 8:48


    Common Monosyllabic Words 11:52


    Preposition Min 11:25



    44:24





    The Adjective 18:35


    Syntax of the Adjective – Attributive 12:18


    Syntax of the Adjective – Predicate 11:05


    Syntax of the Adjective – Substantive 4:48


    Comparisons with Min and Ki 8:39


    Diphthongs 12:51


    Historical Vowel Chart 2:16



    1:10:32





    Hebrew Words 5:01


    Hebrew Verbs 7:57


    Perfect Tense 27:00


    Parsing Verbs 4:32


    Guttural Verbs in the Perfect Tense 11:41


    Translating the Perfect Tense 7:43


    Sign of the Accusative 9:10


    Syntax of Verbal Sentences 11:25


    Subject – Verb Agreement 10:47



    1:35:16





    Pronouns 5:14


    Independent Personal Pronouns 15:02


    Independent Personal Pronouns – Uses 4:09


    Demonstrative Pronouns and Adjectives 11:32


    Uses of the Demonstrative 11:50



    47:47





    Noun Case 11:31


    The Construct Relationship 6:21


    Changes to Construct Noun Endings 8:20


    Changes to Construct Noun Vowels 10:37


    Syntax of the Construct 12:32


    Translating the Construct Relationship 11:28



    1:00:49





    Pronominal Suffixes 4:16


    Pronominal Suffixes on Li and Bi 9:16


    Syntax of Li + Suffixes 2:05


    Uses of Yaish and Ain 10:49


    Perfect Tense III-Aleph Verbs 9:27


    Relative Pronoun Asher 4:52



    40:45





    Introduction to Pronominal Suffixes 3:55


    Pronominal Suffixes on Masculine Singular Nouns 10:03


    Pronominal Suffixes on Feminine Singular Nouns 9:21


    Pronominal Suffixes on Masculine Plural Nouns 18:41


    Pronominal Suffixes on Feminine Plural Nouns 4:20


    Summary: Pronominal Suffixes on Nouns 5:40


    Nouns Suffixes and Definiteness 3:07



    55:07





    Introduction to Pronominal Suffixes on Irregular Forms 3:36


    Suffixes on Bain and Shaim 4:49


    Suffixes on Av and Ach 9:10


    Suffixes on Segholate Nouns 8:09


    Suffixes on Nouns with Diphthongs 2:27


    Suffixes on Miscellaneous Forms 1:48


    Suffixes on Im and Eit 5:36


    Suffixes on El and Al 2:31


    Summary 2:17



    40:23





    Participles 6:01


    Active Participle 3:54


    Irregular Forms of the Active Participle 5:24


    Syntax of the Active Participle – Attributive 8:33


    Syntax of the Active Participle – Predicate 9:51


    Syntax of the Active Participle – Substantive 5:10


    Pronominal Suffixes on the Sign of the Accusative 8:58



    47:51





    Imperfect Tense 18:12


    II-Guttural Verbs and III-Guttural Verbs 5:34


    Syntax of the Imperfect Tense 21:40


    Directive He 6:14


    Relative Clauses (Resumptive Pronouns/Adverb) 8:07



    59:47





    Uses of the Tenses in Sequence 13:20


    Past-Time Narrative Sequence 13:15


    Future-Time Narrative (and Prophetic) Sequence 16:17


    Varying Terminology 17:44


    Historical Development 10:47


    Accent Shift 5:54


    Haya + Waw Consecutive 11:00



    1:28:17


    Chart: Sequence Tenses (Color) (Black & White)









    Introduction to Stative Verbs 2:17


    Stative Verbs in the Perfect Tense 8:40


    Stative Verbs and Adjectives 7:47


    Stative Verbs in the Imperfect Tense 8:40


    Interrogative Sentences – Part 1 11:29


    Interrogative Sentences – Part 2 8:26



    47:19





    Introduction to the Volitional Mood 2:50


    Imperative 15:48


    Jussive 4:34


    Cohortative 4:26


    Particle Na 1:48


    Negative Al 8:01


    Indirect Volitives (Volitive Sequence) 18:55



    56:22





    Waw Disjunctive 16:28


    Passive Participle 5:58


    Syntax of the Passive Participle 10:01


    Pause 12:37


    Pronominal Suffixes on Min and Ki 13:12



    58:16





    Infinitive Construct 6:15


    Pronominal Suffixes on Infinitive Construct 18:17


    Nominal Uses of Infinitive Construct 19:50


    Verbal or Adverbial Uses of Infinitive Construct 27:38


    Negating Infinitive Construct 3:01



    1:15:01





    Infinitive Absolute 12:00


    Syntax of Infinitive Absolute 25:34


    Negating Infinitive Absolute 2:22


    Pronominal Suffixes on Yaish and Ain 8:04


    Pronominal Suffixes on Ayaih and Od 5:24



    53:24





    Introduction to Pronominal Suffixes on Verbs 7:36


    Pronominal Suffixes on the Perfect 23:02


    Pronominal Suffixes on the Imperfect 11:07


    Pronominal Suffixes on Imperatives 13:03



    54:48





    Cardinal Numbers 1-10 24:00


    Ordinal Numbers 4:52


    Cardinal Numbers 11-19 8:44


    Cardinal Numbers 20-99 5:58


    Larger Numbers 15:41



    59:15





    Introduction to Verbal Stems (Binyanim) 15:42


    Strategy for Learning Hebrew Verbs 9:03


    Niphal 12:17


    Translating the Niphal 3:46


    Translating the Niphal – Passive 4:42


    Translating the Niphal – Reflexive 5:59


    Translating the Niphal – Reciprocal 3:21



    54:50


    Chart: Strategy for Learning Hebrew Verbs


    Lecture Slides: Ross Chapter 26 Slides









    Piel 25:44


    Translating the Piel 2:43


    Translating the Piel – Factitive 8:43


    Translating the Piel – Denominative 2:34


    Translating the Piel – Pluralizing / Intensive 2:55


    Translating the Piel – Declarative 2:35



    45:14


    Lecture Slides: Ross Chapter 27 Slides









    Pual 10:19


    Translating the Pual 3:25


    Hinneh 2:44


    Hinneh: Statement of Existence 5:11


    Hinneh: Statement of Presentation 3:59


    Hinneh Clause + Imperative 9:35



    35:13


    Lecture Slides: Ross Chapter 28 Slides









    Hithpael 10:48


    Metathesis and Assimilation in the Hithpael 13:18


    Translating the Hithpael 2:31


    Translating the Hithpael – Reflexive 4:05


    Translating the Hithpael - Indirect Reflexive 5:43


    Translating the Hithpael – Reciprocal 3:47


    Translating the Hithpael – Iterative 2:32


    Translating the Hithpael – Estimative 3:23



    46:07


    Lecture Slides: Ross Chapter 29 Slides









    Hiphil 21:38


    Translating the Hiphil 1:12


    Translating the Hiphil – Causative 7:15


    Translating the Hiphil – Inner Causative 3:28


    Translating the Hiphil – Denominative 1:41


    Translating the Hiphil – Declarative 1:57


    Translating the Hiphil – Misc / Unclassified 2:24



    39:35


    Lecture Slides: Ross Chapter 30 Slides









    Hophal 12:21


    Translating the Hophal 2:47



    15:08


    Lecture Slides: Ross Chapter 31 Slides









    Introduction to Weak (Irregular) Verbs 9:02


    I-Guttural 1:20


    I-Guttural: Qal Imperfect 12:15


    I-Guttural: Qal Imperative 3:24


    I-Guttural: Qal Infinitive Construct 2:17


    I-Aleph 5:12


    I-Aleph: Qal Imperfect 8:05


    I-Aleph: Qal Imperative & Infinitive Construct 3:12



    44:47


    Lecture Slides: Ross Chapter 32 Slides









    I-Guttural (non-Qal) 1:20


    I-Guttural: Niphal 7:09


    I-Guttural: Hiphil 3:44


    I-Guttural: Hophal 3:06


    II-Guttural: Piel 7:07


    II-Guttural: Pual 3:24


    III-Guttural: Niphal 1:42


    III-Guttural: Piel 1:20


    III-Guttural: Hiphil 4:50


    III-Aleph 1:44


    III-Aleph: Niphal 4:09



    39:35


    Lecture Slides: Ross Chapter 33 Slides









    Introduction to I-Nun Verbs 8:15


    I-Nun: Qal 3:59


    I-Nun: Qal Imperfect 8:23


    I-Nun: Qal Imperative 5:29


    I-Nun: Qal Infinitive Construct 13:55


    Irregular Laqach 6:29


    I-Nun: Niphal 11:49


    I-Nun: Hiphil 4:11


    I-Nun: Hophal 4:10



    1:06:40


    Lecture Slides: Ross Chapter 34 Slides









    Introduction to I-Yod Verbs 2:49


    I-Waw Qal 2:57


    I-Waw: Qal Imperfect 8:37


    I-Waw: Qal Imperative 5:04


    I-Waw: Qal Infinitive Construct 2:50


    I-Waw: Niphal 8:31


    I-Waw: Hiphil 5:27


    I-Waw: Hophal 4:13


    I-Waw / III-Guttural: Hiphil 2:57


    Irregular Halach 5:12


    Original I-Yod Verbs 8:03


    I-Yod: Qal Imperfect 4:56


    I-Yod: Qal Imperative & Infinitive Construct 1:45


    I-Yod: Hiphil 6:15



    1:09:36


    Lecture Slides: Ross Chapter 35 Slides









    Introduction to III-He Verbs 8:50


    III-He: Qal 19:07


    III-He: Qal Jussive & Preterite 2:02


    III-He: Qal Cohortative 2:06


    Pronominal Suffixes on III-He Verbs 2:25


    Derived Stems 22:22


    III-He: Jussive & Preterite – Shortened Forms 7:36



    1:04:28


    Lecture Slides: Ross Chapter 36 Slides









    Introduction to Doubly Weak Verbs 7:31


    I-Guttural / III-He Verbs 1:52


    I-Guttural / III-He: Qal 4:55


    I-Guttural / III-He: Hiphil 6:03


    Irregular Haya and Chaya 7:13


    I-Nun / III-He Verbs 1:34


    I-Nun / III-He: Qal 4:56


    I-Nun / III-He: Hiphil 6:07


    I-Waw / III-He: Hiphil 5:25


    Single Letter Forms 6:01



    51:37


    Lecture Slides: Ross Chapter 37 Slides









    Introduction to Hollow Verbs 1:34


    Hollow Verbs: Qal 6:26


    Hollow Verbs: Qal Perfect 3:11


    Hollow Verbs: Qal Participle 3:00


    Hollow Verbs: Qal Imperfect, Jussive, Preterite 11:18


    Hollow Verbs: Qal Imperative & Infinitive Construct 2:20


    Pronominal Suffixes on Qal Hollow Verbs 1:31


    Stative Hollow Verbs 4:51


    Irregular Bo 3:05


    Hollow Verbs: Niphal 8:17


    Hollow Verbs: Hiphil 6:09


    Pronominal Suffixes on Hiphil Hollow Verbs 2:12


    Hollow Verbs: Hophal 2:37


    Hollow / III-Guttural Verbs: Hiphil 9:27



    1:05:58


    Lecture Slides: Ross Chapter 38 Slides









    Introduction to Geminate Verbs 9:29


    Geminates: Qal Perfect 9:30


    Geminates: Qal Imperfect & Jussive 13:13


    Geminates: Qal Preterite 0:56


    Geminates: Qal Imperative 1:40


    Geminates: Qal Infinitive Construct 1:47


    Irregular Arar 4:02


    Pronominal Suffixes on Geminate Verbs 1:32


    Geminates: Niphal 8:28


    Geminates: Piel 2:33


    Geminates: Hiphil 5:22


    Geminates: Hophal 5:05


    Guttural / Geminate Verbs: Hiphil 4:20



    1:07:57


    Lecture Slides: Ross Chapter 39 Slides









    Introduction to Minor Stems 2:42


    Polel, Polal, Hithpolel 9:30


    Poel, Poal, Hithpoel 4:13


    Palel, Pulal, Hithpalel 2:20


    Pilpel, Polpel, Hithpalpel 3:19


    Pealal 3:10


    Quadriliteral Verbs 3:17


    Qal Passive 4:07


    Hishtaphel 3:22



    36:00


    Lecture Slides: Ross Chapter 40 Slides










    Total Time 35:07:42

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